The First Tesla Class Iron-based Superconducting Coil Performed Well in High Field

Oct 30, 2023 | By ZHAO Weiwei; DING Hangwei

Recently, a research group led by Prof. CHEN Wenge from Hefei lnstitutes of Physical Science (HFIPS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), along with Prof. MA Yanwei's research group from the Institute of Electrical Engineering of CAS developed the first Tesla class iron-based superconducting coil for high field application.

The research results were published in Superconductor Science and Technology.

Iron-based superconducting materials are new superconducting materials discovered in the field of superconductor after cupric oxide superconducting materials. Due to their advantages of high upper critical field and low anisotropy, iron-based superconducting materials have been widely concerned and studied in recent years. The preparation of iron-based superconducting wire/tape and fabrication of iron-based superconducting coil has been studied all over the world.

In this study, researchers designed and optimized the iron-based superconducting high field insert coil based on the parameters of three 100 m long iron-based superconducting tape. They explored and perfected the process of coil development, and set up the test system of iron-based superconducting coil in high field.

A higher magnetic field using seven large-sized iron-based superconducting double pancake coils (DPCs) was demonstrated with promising results.

The coil successfully generated a central magnetic field strength of 1.03 T in the 20 T background field of WM3 water-cooled magnet at the High Magnetic Field Laboratory, surpassing all previously reported performance tests of iron-based superconductor coils.

"This is the first practical application of iron-based superconducting materials in high background magnetic field, which greatly promotes the practical progress of iron-based superconducting materials," said Prof. CHEN Wenge, who led the team.

Figure (a) The iron-based superconducting high field insert coil (b) The coil charge experiment results in 20 T background magnetic field. (Image by DING Hangwei)


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