Recently, a research team led by Prof. LI Yue in Institute of solid State Physics, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), together with Prof. LI Cuncheng in University of Jinan, has developed a universal route with fine kinetic control to a family of penta-twinned gold nanocrystals.
Gold nanocrystals (Au NCs) have attracted considerable attention in recent decades due to their unique size- and shape-dependent optical properties. To realize practical applications, a controlled synthesis of Au NCs is greatly of vital importance. Despite many seeded methods have been achieved to synthesize Au NCs, some of the major difficulties hindering the synthesis of different types of colloidal nanocrystals are their complex synthetic methods and the lack of a universal growth mechanism in one system.
In this work, the team presented a general kinetically controlled seed-mediated growth method to synthesize the family of Au penta-twinned NCs in one growth system. With modulating atom deposition sites and rates through tailoring the R value (the molar ratio of reductant/Au precursors), seven kinds of penta-twinned nanocrystals with tunable sizes and high purity were successfully fabricated. This demonstrated strategy can be further used in the growth of a second metal (silver) on Au decahedral seeds with tunable optical absorbance from visible to Near-infrared range. More importantly, this strategy does not require purification treatment and additional metal ions, greatly simplifying the synthesis process.
The general method proposed here not only developed an effective kinetically controlled strategy to the family of penta-twinned NCs, but also gave a deep understanding on a universal mechanism for their formation, which may guide us to synthesize NCs in a designed mode.
The findings have been published online in Chemical Science entitled A universal route with fine kinetic control to a family of penta-twinned gold nanocrystals. This investigation was supported by the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant No. 51825103) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51771188, 51571189, 52001306).
Figure 1. Characterization of three typical penta-twinned Au NCs (Image by ZHANG Tao)
Figure 2. Schematic of the kinetically controlled growth mechanism of different kinds of penta-twinned nanostructures. (Image by ZHANG Tao)
Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (http://english.hf.cas.cn/)