Researchers Develop High-selective Pseudocapacitive Electrode for Water Softening

Aug 18, 2021 | By XU Yingsheng

Over 85% of accessible freshwater is hard water, which contains calcium and magnesium ions, inducing scaling of boiler. Capacitive deionization (CDI), as a novel water treatment technology, has aroused great concern due to unique and high ion selectivity compared with traditional methods (reverse osmosis, adsorption, etc.).

Recently, scientists at Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) developed a pseudo-capacitive electrode with high absorption capacity, selectivity and stability for electro-sorption of hardness ions (Ca2+ and Mg2+).

They prepared MnFe2O4 (MFO) nanospheres as pseudocapacitive cathode for assembling hybrid CDI system with commercial activated carbon for water softening.

Then, superb electro-affinity and corresponding high hardness selectivity of hardness ions in multi-cation solution (Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+) were found, in which cyclic voltammetry tests in multi-ion electrolyte and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations also support this experimental result.

This research work is of great significance for exploring CDI pseudo-capacitive electrode materials with high efficiency and selective electrosorption of target ions and hard water softening.

Link to paper: Intrinsic Pseudocapacitive Affinity in Manganese Spinel Ferrite Nanospheres for High-Performance Selective Capacitive Removal of Ca2+ and Mg2+

Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of selective ions electrosorption in MFO electrode of hybird CDI system. (Image by XU Yingsheng)



Fig. 2 Electrosorption measurements and corresponding cyclic voltammetry tests in multi-ion solution. (Image by XU Yingsheng)


ZHAO Weiwei
Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (http://english.hf.cas.cn/)
Email: annyzhao@ipp.ac.cn


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