As an important non-canonical DNA secondary structure in vivo and in vitro, G-quadruplexes (GQs) have been widely investigated in many fields including biology, medicinal chemistry, supramolecular chemistry and nanotechnology. Vast G-quadruplexes (GQs) are primarily folded by one, two, or four G-rich oligomers, rarely with an exception.
Plasma instabilities known as edge-localized modes (ELMs) are a challenge to stable operation of fusion reactors. Effective ELM control is particularly important in high-confinement, steady-state fusion plasmas such as ITER. The research at DIII-D and EAST found that maintaining high density at the edge of the plasma and a high density ratio between the pedestal bottom and top can reduce the severity of ELMs.
Recently, researchers led by Prof. XU An from the High Magnetic Field Laboratory of the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) reported their new findings that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) at non-toxic concentrations protect against arsenic induced genotoxicity via attenuating arsenic bioaccumulation and elevating anti-oxidation in mammalian cells.
Recently, a team led by Prof. Huang Qing at the Institute of Intelligent Machines, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) constructed a novel biosensor based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) to detect inflammatory Interleukin-6 (IL-6) protein in serum samples.
Recently, researchers led by Prof. Hai-Shan Zhou from the Institute of Plasma Physics (ASIPP), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) reported their new findings about the influence of irradiation effects on hydrogen permeation through α-Al2O3 tritium permeation barrier (TPB). Tritium self-sufficiency is one of the most important issues in the development of nuclear fusion power. It is also one of the top priorities of the Chinese Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR).