Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are mostly produced in the cellular mitochondria of various organs and tissues of living organisms via the incomplete reduction of molecular oxygen, which is greatly intensified under external stimulations and injuries. A study team led by Prof. ZHANG Zhongping made a significant progress by developing a single fluorescent probe to achieve effective discrimination and profiling of hydroxyl radicals (？OH) and hypochlorous acid (HClO) in living organisms
Fluorescent probes provide a tool to study proteins and DNA both in vivo and vitro by confocal microscopy and fluorescence techniques. Therefore, there is a strong impetus to develop probes to detect and identify these functional biomolecules in protein science and other biological processes. Given this, collaborating with other researchers, a study team led by Dr. ZHANG Liyun developed novel small molecule fluorescent probes by diversity-oriented fluorescent library approach (DOFLA)，which designed and synthesized A new class of BODIPY fluorogens with enhanced spectral properties by incorporating both rotational restriction and PeT-quenching groups.
Critical evidence for the theory of turbulence quench by the flow shear was found in the latest research on Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) in ASIPP, a significant progress towards the better understanding of the mechanism of turbulence suppression at the low-to-high (L-H) transition.
The layered material ZrTe5 has been demonstrated to be a Dirac semimetal, according to recent ARPES and magneto-infrared spectroscopy experiments. While a direct transport evidence for Dirac semimetal phase in ZrTe5 is still lacking. Using the Steady High Magnetic Field Facilities (SHMFF) with a magnetic field up to 31 T and temperature down to 0.3 K, the group led by TIAN Mingliang, High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CHMFL), carries out a detailed transport study on ZrTe5 nanoribbons and gives a clear transport evidence for Dirac semimetal phase in ZrTe5.